Despite them being in the same licence category, there are some big differences when it comes to driving a van. Making sure your drivers, whether experienced or new, follow the basic advice when getting behind the wheel of a larger vehicle will help to reduce accident rates and will create a safer environment on the road.
Below are some of our top tips on driving a van safely.
- Most vans lack rear-view mirrors, but drivers will still have two good-sized door mirrors to utilise. Make sure your seat is in the correct position and then adjust the two mirrors to give you the best view of the road behind.
- Knowing all the controls and features of the van is vital, just looking for the headlight switch on the move can take your eyes off the road for a few seconds. At just 30mph you cover the ground at 45 feet per second, so two seconds to find the lights will mean you’ve travelled the length of two double-decker buses without looking at the road.
- Knowing the width and height of the vehicle will help in stressful situations where space is tight. IAM RoadSmart offers Confined Space Manoeuvring as part of the comprehensive Driving for Work course to assist drivers with this, but knowing length and height restrictions is a great start.
- When loading the van make sure heavy items are tied down at lower levels as this will help to keep the van stable. It’s also worth remembering that the brakes will be designed to cope with a full load and may be sharp and over responsive if the van is empty. The opposite is true for a loaded van, increase your breaking distances when carrying cargo.
- Remember to position the van carefully to avoid creating blind spots for yourself. For example, being at 90 degrees to oncoming traffic at junctions will give you good vision in both directions (you may also need to position yourself a little wider when turning to avoid clipping the kerb).
- Before you put your foot down, check the speed limit – vans have a different speed limit than cars and you need to be aware of these. Single carriageway roads on a national speed limit sign means 50mph for a van (car-derived vans 60mph) and on a dual carriageway with a national speed limit sign its 60mph – both 10mph slower than for cars. See here for more details.
- The final tip is to make a difference to road safety – show other road users how a good van driver behaves; be patient and friendly, if someone is hesitant give them time as they might not be as experienced as you. Remember not everyone has your view from their driving seat.
IAM RoadSmart’s head of driving and riding standards, Richard Gladman said: “We are often guilty of stereotyping drivers by the vehicle they drive, and van drivers come in for more than their fair share of criticism. With a little bit of preparation and effort you can be remembered as the polite van driver who shared the road space nicely.”
If your drivers are new to driving vans, our Vehicle Familiarisation course can give them the skills they need to keep themselves, and your vehicles safe on the roads.